Ezio Ritrovato

Energy Self-Sufficiency and the State Oil Industry. The Birth of ANIC

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This paper provides a reassessment of the foundation of ANIC (Azienda Nazionale Idrogenazione Combustibili) and of its impact on the structure of production in the Italian oil sector over the period 1936-1945. The paper shows that the firm, even if facing significant hurdles due to the war, which amounted to a significant disruption of its production process, was still able to develop significant technological capabilities. These capabilities played a significant role in the expansion of the Italian petrochemical industry after the war.


  • ANIC
  • autarchy
  • petrochemical industry. JEL codes: N14
  • L65
  • O32


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