Simone Pisano

Gender marks in the third plural person of the verb 'to be'. The case of Sèneghe (Sardinia)

Are you already subscribed?
Login to check whether this content is already included on your personal or institutional subscription.


This paper describes particular forms of the third plural person of the simple present of 'to be' in some Sardinian dialects. The data show an intromission of -/s/ (as plural mark) after the vowel -/i/ (which was originally paragogic) in the forms suni/sunti '(they) are' (outcomes of Latin sunt). Arguably this process is the starting point of the development of the double form suntos/suntas ('they are' masculine / 'they are' feminine), which is attested in Sèneghe (province of Oristano). As we can see, these forms exhibit gender marks (-o- for masculine and -a- for feminine) in addition to the -/s/ of plural.


  • Sardinian dialects
  • plural marks
  • verbal morphology


Article first page

What do you think about the recent suggestion?

Trova nel catalogo di Worldcat