Keywords: EU Charter; Human Rights; Court of Justice of the EU; Horizontal Direct Effects; Constitutional Significance of the Charter.
Court of Justice of the European Union has adopted a series of important decisions recognizing
for the first time the horizontal direct effects of some provisions of the Charter
of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. This article asks whether these decisions
have contributed to clarify the case law of the Court specifically concerning the constitutional
significance of the Charter in the European Union. The answer emerging from
the decisions in question is however ambiguous. Some features of the decisions signal an
enhanced awareness of the Court concerning rights; other features preserve some of the
problems of the previous case law.