Informations and abstract
Keywords: Language; Brain; Cognition; Aphasia; Romantic Science; Linguistic Re-Education; Subjective Testimonies
The aim of this essay is to try to describe the condition of the aphasic with a "personalistic" approach, with a style that remembers that of the "romantic" scientist, to use an expression adopted by Alexander Lurija, the father of neuropsychology. Aphasia is generally object to abstract, disincarnated and depersonalized clinical-specialist treatises, where the disease is considered a set of clinical evidence common to many cases. Thus leaving out the clinical and neuropsychological data produced by "evidence-based medicine", although important to understand the linguistic and cognitive implications of this pathological condition, we will focus on the phenomenology of aphasia and in particular on the listening of his direct witnesses, for try to understand how the person's life has changed as a result of the disease. Recognizing the value of pathological experiences, overcoming a reductionist approach, abstract and detached to the illness, allows to return the person that biological, psychological and social complexity that is his own.