Costanza Campi Libera Ylenia Mastromatteo Maria Paola Paladino Lucia Savadori

Predictors of behavior to prevent and reduce the spread of the COVID-19: A scoping review

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Since the onset of the pandemic, many governments have introduced behavioral measures to prevent and contrast the spread of COVID-19. The aim of this scoping review is to identify the social-psychological predictors of the compliance to these behaviors. We conducted a search (mainly on PsycInfo) and identified 107 articles (to August 2022) that investigated the role of characteristics inherent to the individual (socio-demographics, personality and individual differences related to empathy, prosociality and morality) or related to their perception of the COVID-19 (fear, risk perception and other beliefs related to the COVID-19); the contribution of the social context (culture and social identification) and its perception (norms, and trust in the government); and the contribution of factors related to science communication (trust in science and conspiracy beliefs). This review offers an overview of the results of this research and discuss the theoretical and applied implications


  • COVID-19
  • health behaviors
  • norms
  • Health Belief Model
  • pro-sociality
  • culture
  • conspiracy theories
  • scoping review


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