Roberto Di Maria

"Sterilizing" politics from private interest? The contraposition between lobbying and populism in the United States and in Italy

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In the paper is hypothesized a correlation between two socio-political phenomena (i.e. lobbying and populism) which are considered profoundly conditioning the current juridical-constitutional culture: facing the crisis of political parties – in the form they were born and established, during the XX Century, in the context of the so-called “stabilized democraciesµ – the aforementioned phenomena appear, in fact, to testify to a different and alternative conception of “representationµ as well as, by extension, of “popular sovereigntyµ. In this sense – with specific reference to the Italian situation, compared to the classic U.S. paradigm – the paper analyzes, therefore, both the (recent) affirmation of so-called “Populistsµ and the stubborn reluctance of the Legislator to organically regulate the lobbying system; this, in order to verify the initial hypothesis: is there a link between lobbying and populism – as both expressions of the pluralism typical of contemporary democracies – and, in particular, a rational discipline of the former can contain the anti-democratic effects of the second?


  • populism
  • pluralism
  • representation
  • constitutionalism
  • Italy
  • U.S.A


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