Keywords: vaccines, health communication, role of science, mandatory health treatments, personal freedom.
The paper focuses on the different means that several legal orders has implemented about the promotion of vaccines, especially after the growth of the antivaccine-movement. A special attention is devoted to the role of sanctions, highlighting all the difficulties which arise from the balance between personal autonomy and public interest. The essay suggests that coercitive tools are not always the best way to enlarge the herd immunity, whereas persuasive instruments could better achieve the goal. In consideration of the issues signalled in this paper it is possible to assert that a well-balanced between coercitives and persuasive measures could be attainted through a deep consideration of precautionary principle, science and adequate dissemination of information.