Robert Theis

La théologie comme achèvement de l'ouvrage critique de la raison pure chez Kant

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Keywords: Reason; Unconditioned; Transcendental Ideal; Regulative Function; Physico-theology.

The essay intends to rethink the theological problematic within the context of Kant's theoretical philosophy. To this end, it is shown in the first steps in what sense the transcendent procedure, inherent to the nature of reason itself, takes a systematic form in metaphysical discourse. Starting from this premise, we analyze in particular the idea of God understood as a transcendental Ideal. Kant argues that it is this idea that constitutes the crown of knowledge. As such, it is to be regarded as marking the completion of critical enquiry itself (B 698). The rethought theological discourse that Kant develops from this basic thesis takes the form of a reflective physico-theology that allows one to understand the experience of the world in its asymptotic unity.

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