Elements for an understanding of the Islamic political concept
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The article deals with the relation between the Islamic political concept and the Islamic juridical concepts. After a semantic analysis of the terms sharī‘a and fiqh, the article unfolds a contextual analysis of the concepts of sovereignty (hākimiyya) and authority (amr) and their mutual connection. The conclusion is that Islam could yield a model of state akin to deliberative democracy, and grounded upon a parallelism, and not a subordination, between secular and religious power.