Mariacristina Gallo Giuseppe Fenza Daniele Battista

Information Disorder: What about global security implications?



Information sharing has become easy and fast in the digital era, where everyone can be connected. In addition, social networks spread rapidly, such that around 70% of the population has an active account. People use social media to communicate and also as information sources. As a result, traditional media has lost its role as a primary source of information; consequently, circulating news is not appropriately verified. On the other side, governments and organized non-state actors could exploit distorted information on national or foreign political sentiment, for example, to achieve strategic or geopolitical outcomes. It follows that the user is reached by a quantity of information that is often untrustworthy, which, guided by prejudices or emotions, could be rapidly shared. First, this paper introduces the most important aspects related to information disorder. Then, it proposes an interdisciplinary framework that, by integrating solutions from different areas, aims to combine educational objectives (in terms of Media literacy) with practical tips and Artificial intelligence-based tools. In summary, the aim is to give useful recommendations to involved actors, such as information agencies, policymakers, regulators, and technology companies, in terms of their possible contribution to the problem.


  • Information Disorder
  • Misinformation
  • Disinformation
  • Netwar
  • Cybersecurity


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