Francescopaolo Palaia

The massacre of Piazza della Loggia: the workers in defense of democracy and self-management of public order

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: Terrorism; Proletariat; Democracy; Trade Unions; Institutions.

The December 12, 1969 with the massacre of Piazza Fontana on Italy swoops a spiral of violence that will flash and will affect subsequent years. It is very important to clarify what kind of emergency represents the season for the Italian syndicate of terrorism. One is the belief of the trade union movement, especially the CGIL, of dealing directly to the public policy defense; the other the perception of over-exposure of the institutions and the Italian company to a risk of democratic collapse. In Brescia, the union becomes State, becomes manager in person and public order is perceived by the city as the only person entitled to this task. In Brescia you create a kind of suspension of time which lasts about two months when the Labor becomes the operations center in public order management and the working class it will replace de facto the state. The massacres are perceived it as an attack on the achievements of the labor movement and the State is not deemed capable of effective action in this area because it undermined the inside of connivance and contiguity with the protagonists of the strategy of tension. The workers ensure the defense of the most important institutions, those same workers who staged square in a harsh protest against those same high state offices. The difficulties of the state to stop the erosion of democratic process that is taking place within it lays the foundation for a deep institutional crisis in which political parties will be the only entities capable of providing an answer.

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