Bruno Losito

Civic and Citizenship Education. Curricular Approaches and Learning Environments



Different curricular approaches to the teaching of civic and citizenship education may be adopted. As shown by several international and European studies, different approaches may actually coexist within the same schools. The new regulations introduced in the Italian school system by Law 92/2019 suggest that civic and citizenship education should be integrated into all subjects taught at school, with a shared responsibility attributed to all teachers. ‘Civic education’ is intended to develop students’ citizenship competences as defined at European Union level. Nevertheless, several ambiguities seem to characterise the new regulations and several issues need to be addressed by schools and teachers in order to implement them at a school level and to achieve the aims and objectives of civic and citizenship education.


  • Civic and citizenship education
  • Citizenship competences
  • Curriculum provisions
  • Teaching methods
  • Assessment and evaluation


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