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For Mongolia, as for other East European countries, 1989 was the year
of a double transition: toward a free market economy and toward a political
life marked by party pluralism. Moreover, at the economic level, as a
result of the massive exploitation of the resources of its rich subsoil - mainly
of all oil and coal, and then copper, molybdene and tungsten - in 2002 the
GNP started soaring and reached over 10 million dollars in 2009.