Marina Miscioscia, Paola Rigo, Maddalena Spandri, David Cerantola, Alessandra Simonelli

Gender dysphoria in childhood: Diagnostic questions and relational aspects. A narrative review of literature

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: Gender dysphoria, gender identity, childhood, adolescence, gender non-conforming.

Gender dysphoria refers to a condition of clinically significant distress associated with the incongruence between the experienced/expressed gender and assigned gender at birth (APA – American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Through a narrative review of the literature about the last twenty years, the work describes the topic of gender dysphoria in children and adolescents highlighting three specific issues: the psychodiagnostic field, the relational context that involves the significant others like family and the peer group, and the related psychological well-being. This review suggests possible factors of protection and prevention of discomfort associated with gender dysphoria during childhood.

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