Keywords: School spending; Federalism; Standard needs and costs; School's efficiency; Teacher Staff's Allocation.
According to the law on fiscal federalism (l. 42/2009) and to the draft agreement between
the State and the Regions, the State should define essential levels of services
(LEP) and standard costs and then assign financial resources (including teaching jobs)
to the Regions. The Regions should then distribute the staff among schools. According
to this framework it is therefore necessary to determine a model for the correct
allocation of teaching staff across Regions. In this article we propose two different
models. In the normative one, the allocation is made by applying the standard established
by law to the determinants of the teaching staff's composition for each Region.
The mixed model (statistical and normative) takes into greater consideration territorial
specificities and how they have influenced the present staff allocation.