Serge Tcherkézoff

Le don polynésien. Le cas de Samoa et une analyse régionale de la valeur cosmologique

  • Abstract

Informations and abstract

Keywords: Polynesia; Samoa; Tonga; Mauss; Gift; Gender; Blood; Procreation; Fabrics; Pigs.

We wonder about the cultural unity of the gift (given objects, circulations, lexicon regarding the act of giving objects and actions) in the Polynesian ceremonial. By comparing the Samoa custom to the Tonga or the Wallis ones, it becomes clear that the company bumps into some differences and some terminological inversions. The Samoan terminology studied in literature was incomplete and misunderstood. This article reconsideres the knowledge of Samoa and it enables to make some comparative hypotheses regarding the whole Polynesian region, on the two categories of the gifts (fabrics/ foods), on the superior value of the first category and on the symbolism of the covering-envelope linked with the power of giving life.

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