Keywords: Atlantic Counter-Revolutionary Identity; International of the Anti-Liberalism; Liberal Revolution; New Spain/Mexico; Independence Processes.
This paper analyzes the discourses and strategies of the counter-revolution in New Spain/Mexico between 1810 and 1823. I study the ideological evolution operated by the anti-liberals, from the rejection of the first proposals for independence until their acceptance. This change has not had a completely satisfactory explanation for historiography. My interpretative proposal supports the need of inserting that problem within a broader dynamic that encompasses the
Euro-American space and its experiences. In this work I develop the concept of Atlantic Counter-Revolutionary Identity. It refers to the diffusion and exchange of ideas, books, doctrines, and imaginaries between both sides of the ocean. From the intellectual field, the articulation of an early sort of International of the Anti-Liberalism contributed to the symbolic union of opponents of the Revolution. The anti-enlightened and reactionary theories of the European authors were adapted to the historical circumstances of the Americas, becoming part of a new interpretative tradition that was constantly renewed.