Federica Bianco Marta Nola Rory T. Devine Serena Lecce

Promoting theory of mind in school-aged children: Direct and transfer effects

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Despite theory of mind (ToM) has a role in social and cognitive development in school aged children, very few studies have proposed interventions to promote ToM in middle childhood. To fill this gap, we developed a novel ToM training program for 9- to 10-year-old children. Results showed that, after the intervention, children in the ToM group improved in ToM task performance significantly more than children in the control condition. The positive effect of the ToM intervention generalized to a new film-based ToM task and was not determined by pre-existing individual differences in ToM, cognitive, and executive skills between groups.


  • Theory of Mind
  • Intervention
  • Middle Childhood
  • False Belief
  • Conversational Approach


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